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Success Criterion 1.3.3 - Level A

Sensory Characteristics

Make sure instructions can be understood by everyone. Instructions that only use shape, size, location, orientation or sound are not understandable for everyone. For example, people who are blind cannot see shape. Combine multiple properties to allow everyone to understand the instructions.

Impact

  • When referring to the 'green button', someone who is colour blind or visually impaired might not know which button is meant. By adding a secondary characteristic, such as the location, the instruction becomes more clear.

  • Do not refer to only shape, size, location or orientation of an element, as not everyone can perceive these properties.

Check

Are multiple properties of elements used in instructions?”

This can be tested visually, no assistive technologies are needed.

Solution

When designing an app it is important not to convey instructions through sensory characteristics. For example do not tell the user to click a button "to the right" or "the green link below". For screen reader users this will not convey any useful information.

Meeting this criterion will allow your app to be localized for languages where layouts do flow left to right (i.e. Chinese, Arabic).

Add accessibility hint

On Android, you can use setHint to set a hint. Keep in mind that this hint is not only used for accessibility, but also shown visually in editable views.

view.hint = "Opens the Appt website"

Add accessibility action

On Android, you can add actions for assistive technologies using the addAction method via AccessibilityNodeInfoCompat.

ViewCompat.setAccessibilityDelegate(view, new AccessibilityDelegateCompat() {
    @Override
    public void onInitializeAccessibilityNodeInfo(
        View host,
        AccessibilityNodeInfoCompat info)
    {
        super.onInitializeAccessibilityNodeInfo(host, info);
        AccessibilityActionCompat action = new AccessibilityActionCompat(
            AccessibilityNodeInfoCompat.ACTION_CLICK,
            "Appt action"
        );
        info.addAction(customClick);
    }
});

Resources

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